Leonard Ferdnay Smith is a United States Navy Sailor who was killed on the USS Oklahoma when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. His remains were identified on April 16, 2020.
Leonard Smith was born in 1912 in New York to Floyd and Emile Smith. Growing up, Leonard was an older brother to one brother, Earl, and his father died in 1931. At some point in his life, he joined the United States Navy from Pennsylvania. He was assigned as a Metalsmith, First Class, to the USS Oklahoma.
Pearl Harbor Attack
At about 7:48 AM on December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service conducted a surprise military strike against the United States at the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The USS Oklahoma was one of the first ships to be attacked. The ship was torpedoed and was capsized, killing Smith in the process. His remains were located between 1941 and 1944, but not identified. As a result, he was considered Missing in Action while his remains were buried in the Punchbowl at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Overall, 2,335 Americans were killed in the attack, 429, including Smith, were on the USS Oklahoma. The surprise attack led to US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to declare December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy". The following day, the US Congress declared war on Japan which led to the United States' formal entry into World War II.
After his death, Smith was awarded the Purple Heart. He was memorialized in Row 4 of the USS Oklahoma Memorial and in Court 2 of the Honolulu Memorial of the Courts of the Missing in Honolulu.
In September of 1947, the American Graves Registration Service was tasked to identify unknown soldier's remains from the Pacific Theatre. However, they were only able to identify thirty-five of the crewmen from the USS Oklahoma. In October of 1949, the American Graves Registration Service ruled Smith, along with many soldiers whose remains were not identified, as unrecoverable.
In 2015, the Department of Defense and the Defense POW/MIA accounting agency initiated a program to exhume the unidentified sailors of the USS Oklahoma to try and match their DNA against the DNA of family members whose loved ones were never identified. Scientists at the DPAA used anthropological analysis and scientists from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System used autosomal DNA (auSTR) analysis, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and Y-chromosome (Y-STR) analysis to identify the servicemen.
Through these methods, Smith was identified on April 16, 2020. His identification was announced on May 19, 2020 and again on July 9, 2021. He will be cremated on September 1, 2021. His family chose not to hold a funeral service for him.